If you express breast milk and have a supply of it, then this article is not for you. If not, you need to pick up the milk mixture. There are milk and soy based mixtures. According to recent research, soy mixtures do not reduce the risk of allergies or colic and have their own disadvantages.
There are also mixtures made from milk with a low protein content, they are easier to digest, and they cause less allergy. These “low protein mixtures” taste just awful and cost twice as much as regular ones, but for some children they are very helpful.
You may need to try several mixtures if the baby refuses some mixture, tears it up after almost every feeding, has constant diarrhea or a plentiful red rash on the face or buttocks (all the mixtures are slightly different, you can taste them yourself and make sure of this). The milk mixture must be enriched with iron. For some time it was believed that milk formula with a low iron content prevents colic and constipation, but they do not provide a complete set of nutrients. Any ordinary mixture is good if you like the child and is well absorbed.
Milk mixtures are presented in the form of powder, concentrates and ready-to-use liquids. Powder mixtures are the cheapest and most compact, they are easy to carry, but they mix slightly worse with water than concentrated liquid milk mixtures.
How will we prepare the milk mixture
So, we begin to prepare the milk mixture:
- Before the first use, boil the nipples and other parts of the bottle (this will sterilize them and remove the smell of plastic). After that, if the child is healthy and born on time, you do not have to sterilize them with chlorinated water in the tap. Well and spring water must be checked for safety, and it is advisable to boil the bottles washed with it in a saucepan for five minutes before each use. True, our mothers spent hours sterilizing baby bottles. What for? It turns out there is no need. It is quite good to wash the bottles in the dishwasher or manually with hot soapy water. It is best to wash used bottles or at least soak them immediately, because coagulated milk is difficult to wash.
- Wash your hands, remove the lid from a jar of milk mixture and prepare the mixture strictly according to the instructions (of course, if you use a ready-to-use mixture, this is unnecessary). Not enough water leads to dehydration, and if the mixture is too thin, the child will not get enough calories. If tap water is too chlorinated, buy bottled drinking water. It does not need to boil.
- Pour the milk mixture into a bottle. You probably think that you need to warm up the bottle and drip a few drops of the mixture on your wrist to check the temperature of the milk - you saw this procedure on TV. Not necessary. While the child is not used to any particular temperature, he is equally satisfied with the mixture by the temperature room and the mixture that has just been taken out of the refrigerator.
Thermopot to help
And here is the easiest way to cook, buy yourself a thermo pot, set the temperature to 40 degrees and there are no problems, the most correct preparation according to the instructions on the package is because you can’t pour baby food with boiling water and it’s bad to disperse, plus you get rid of troubles with a bottle heater, 5 minutes and the mixture is ready.
If your child is a foodie and insists on warm food, well, get used to a small ritual with a wrist: if the milk seems really hot, then it is too hot. If you heat milk in the microwave, shake it well so that the baby does not get burned. Most experts do not recommend the use of microwave ovens due to uneven heating, but I have not met a single mother who is feeding from a bottle that would not use it.
If you also use a microwave, buy simple plastic bottles, bottles with removable containers may explode, and glass ones may crack. Do not microwave breast milk - short-lived antibodies will suffer. Preheat the bottle in a bowl of warm water if you want to heat expressed milk.
Count how many bottles of milk a child needs per day, and prepare them in one go, in the morning, before the child has started to scream from hunger. But it’s better to cook always fresh.
You should know that not one, even the most modern adapted mixture, can completely replace breast milk. The transfer of the child to artificial feeding should be a conscious and forced step, and not the advice of a friend and the desire to make life easier for herself, to have freedom of movement, or her own guesses and assumptions that there is not enough breast milk. The deficit that is formed in the child’s body without mother’s milk cannot be filled with anything.
How to dilute the mixture
The first thing to do is read the instructions from the manufacturer. There is always described a method of preparing a baby formula. It is worth paying attention to the following important points:
- in what proportion to dilute the milk mixture (often, one scoop per 30 ml of water)
- at what temperature is the mixture prepared
- recommended amount of the finished mixture for children of different ages
- how long and under what conditions can open packaging be stored
How to prepare the mixture for the newborn
The intestines and oral cavity of a healthy baby are sterile. The parent's task is to give the baby the opportunity to gradually adapt to the surrounding space, before starting to acquaint him with the pathogenic microflora (in other words, microbes).
In all cases of contact with children's things, food and the child himself, always and always - wash your hands with soap. Of course, the baby in any case will have to get acquainted with the surrounding microorganisms, but when he is a few days old - it's early.
Since you need to prepare the mixture immediately before feeding, be prepared for what you will have to do under the heartbreaking cries of a hungry baby. It is possible that in such conditions it will not work to prepare sterile bottles in cold blood - it is better and more convenient to have at least two of them.
It is better to pre-prepare and cover with a dry towel a clean bottle than rushing around the house and running to remember where after feeding it was divided when the baby cries from hunger. Of course, in theory, you need to wash the bottle immediately after feeding, but in practice, the kids miraculously make their adjustments to your schedule.
So, when all the necessary preparations are made, we determine according to the instructions the desired ratio of water to dry mix according to the age of your baby. Pour water of the required temperature into a sterile bottle or bring to the desired heating in the bottle. Pour the required number of measuring spoons, after removing the slide from them (you can use the back of the knife).
We close the bottle with a lid and shake it very well so that there are no lumps in the mixture (you can check for light). Just in case, we check the temperature of the mixture by dropping it on your wrist. After feeding, the remaining mixture is poured.
Some mothers, trying to feed the baby more satisfyingly, increase the concentration of dry mix in water. Doing this is strictly prohibited. This can lead to obesity or another metabolic disorder in a child.
Someone may find these measures unnecessary, and, of course, no one can force you to do this. But do not forget that for the first three months a child’s life will complicate colic and aggravate the situation with hastily washed bottles, believe me, it’s not worth it.
How long can a diluted infant formula be stored?
A very common question that interests all parents is how long can I store the prepared baby formula? Ideally, the finished milk mixture is eaten immediately and not stored. The longer the cooked mixture costs, the more chances are given to multiply harmful microbes that love heat and a milky environment. And not just the right bifidobacteria, which you lovingly created the optimum temperature. The storage time of the diluted infant formula should be minimized. Remember that the prepared milk mixture is stored not even in the refrigerator.
The bottle and nipple must be washed and sterilized before each preparation of the mixture. You can familiarize yourself with the sterilization of feeding bottles in detail.
What water to dilute the baby mixture
An urgent question for parents - is it possible to dilute the mixture with baby water? For decades, boiled water has been used to prepare the mixture. Now they began to think that boiling kills water, deprives of oxygen and other trace elements. Today you will not surprise anyone with special children's water for drinking and preparing the mixture. It does not need boiling; it is enough to warm it to the optimum temperature.
What are the benefits of baby water?
- water passes strict sanitary control at all stages of harvesting
- cleaning uses a multi-stage filter system
- unlike boiled, it is not devoid of oxygen and other useful trace elements
- in children's water, mineralization decreases (in dry mixtures, they try to choose the optimal ratio of trace elements and water with increased mineralization can violate these proportions)
If you want to use the water from the well, it is preferable to submit it for analysis to the sanitary-epidemiological station.
Why is it so important to properly breed baby formula
Thinking about how to properly prepare the mixture, it is important to understand why modern pediatricians often focus on observing the rules of this daily process. If the mixture is too thin, the infant will be malnourished. This will have serious consequences for his body. Possible problems that you will encounter if you feed the crumbs with a mixture in a lower concentration than the following by age should be:
- frequent waking up and trouble sleeping,
- lack of weight gain
- developmental delay
- rickets and other diseases.
In certain situations, parents deliberately increase the concentration of dry matter and seek to give the baby a nutritious product, not paying attention to the recipe and cooking recommendations. By making the mixture thicker, parents also harm the little one. The concentrated mixture is more difficult to digest the fragile stomach of the newborn. Overfeeding often provokes:
- spitting up
- stool problems
- metabolic malfunctions,
- the appearance of excess weight, and as a result, disruptions in the functioning of internal organs and the musculoskeletal system.
Compliance with the proportions and recommendations is a necessary condition for the health of the baby. Do not neglect the recommendations on the packaging. They are developed by manufacturers, pediatricians, taking into account the needs of the child's body in accordance with age characteristics. If Mom meets the preparation requirements, but the infant continues to express concern during the period of food intake or after feeding, it is better to consult a doctor. The doctor will individually calculate the portion for the child.
Detailed cooking instructions
Buy a baby formula for crumbs need only high quality. Trust proven reputable manufacturers. The Nutrilon, Nestogen, Nutrilak, Baby, Nan, Similak Premium and Bellact products have proven their worth. Special attention is paid to the shelf life of the product and the features of its storage. When buying a new product, make sure that the mixture is suitable for the child.
The gastrointestinal tract in children is imperfect. Microflora in the intestine is only forming, so it is important to prevent bacteria and pathogenic microbes from entering the body. The preparation of a mixture for feeding traditionally begins with the preparation of dishes:
- bottle, nipple, measuring spoon are thoroughly washed immediately after feeding,
- the use of special children's products is possible, the use of table soda will become an economical option,
- Pay special attention to hard-to-reach places, threads,
- to clean the containers use a brush and special brushes that will be used exclusively for children's dishes,
- bottle and nipple are subject to mandatory sterilization. To do this, boil accessories or use a sterilizer. When choosing the first method, the boiling container is used only for children's dishes,
It is necessary to prepare accessories in advance so as not to waste time processing them at the moment when a hungry baby asks for food. Before cooking, mom thoroughly washes her hands with soap, and also determines the ratio of water to powder.
The indicators and proportions of different manufacturers are approximately the same, because they are calculated according to the age and weight of the babies. The standard is 1 measuring spoon of powder per 30 milliliters of water. A single feeding rate is calculated by dividing the daily amount of food by the number of feedings.
|Age||Number of measuring spoons for 1 feeding||Water volume (ml)||Number of feedings per day|
|0 to 2 weeks||3||90||6–7|
The powder is placed in a bottle of water, and do not pour liquid into a container with a dry billet. This will avoid lumps in the dissolution process.
After placing the components, the bottle is closed with a plastic separator, then a nipple and a protective cap. Shake the contents vigorously until the components are completely mixed.
Next, the separator is removed. Check the temperature of the nutrient fluid organoleptically. Offer the product to the baby.
Some important rules for preparing and storing the mixture
There are recommendations as to which water is best to dilute the mixture. Dilute the powder with bottled baby water. It does not need to be boiled to make a mixture. The fluid is specifically designed to power babies. If there is no way to buy water, and you have to take it from other sources, be sure to boil it and refrigerate before cooking to room temperature.
The optimum temperature of the water in which the powder for baby food should be diluted is 35–36 degrees.
It is very important to consider cooking, if you are going with the baby on the road. Water and powder are always taken in separate containers. They should be mixed only immediately before feeding. If you are going for a walk in the park, take a thermos bag with you where the prepared warm water will be stored. In the case of a trip by train, heating bottled water for cooking is not difficult. It is necessary to take boiling water from titanium and lower a bottle of water into it. When traveling by car, buy a portable cigarette lighter heater.
Night feedings always cause a lot of questions in mothers. The main thing to remember - no need in advance! It is convenient to prepare accessories in advance, so that at night you can quickly dilute the powder and feed the baby:
- in the evening, measure the required amount of dry powder,
- prepare a sterile bottle, pour water into it,
- try to keep the liquid warm by using a thermos or electric heater.
Having prepared everything in advance, it will take a minimum of time to prepare baby food.
How much is the diluted infant formula stored
Often, mothers think about how long it takes to store the mixture, especially if the crumbs are malnourished in the cooked portion. Experts note that it is impossible to stand diluted powder for a long time, even in the refrigerator. The recommended storage time is no more than 2-3 hours. Liquid is an excellent medium for the development of microorganisms, therefore it is better not to save, and after feeding pour out the residues, washing and boiling a bottle.
Noticing that the child does not eat the required amount regularly, try to cook an incomplete portion. This is especially true for babies on mixed feeding. Perhaps the baby has enough breast milk.
It is worth noting that today there is an alternative to artificial feeding in the form of banks of donor milk. Of course, this type of food will not meet all the essential requirements of the child, because only the mother’s body produces nutrient fluid, which has a unique property of transformation, taking into account the needs of her baby. However, this is an excellent option due to the fact that breast milk is still closer to the baby in the composition of the main elements than food (albeit adapted) intended for feeding calves.
The importance of cooked foods
Parents must responsibly approach the issue of proper dilution of the mixture. Otherwise, with a lack of diluted powder, the child will remain hungry. In excess, he will often spit up, he will experience diarrhea, vomiting, and general malaise.
Если в кале младенца обнаруживается большое количество белесых творожистых комочков, то это может служить сигналом, что ребёнок получает слишком густую пищу, которую он не может переварить.
А ведь кормить малыша приходится несколько раз в сутки. Прибавьте сюда ночные вставания по первому крику и сонные походы на кухню и обратно. All this takes at least an hour a day.
Food quantity calculation
To calculate the amount of the mixture, you need to take into account the age of the child. However, you need to understand that the amount of food he eats depends on his individual characteristics, concomitant pathologies, birth weight, full-term / prematurity.
Approximate calculations are as follows:
- On the first day of life, a newborn eats about 10 ml of a mixture for 1 feeding.
- To calculate the volume that a baby should eat up to 10 days, you need to take its age in days and multiply by 10. That is, in 4 days for 1 feeding, the baby is supposed to suck out 40 ml of the mixture.
- Children aged 10 days to 1 month for 1 feeding require about 100 ml of the mixture.
Preparation of mixtures is a process that requires special attention, because it is important that the food for the child is freshly prepared, of a certain temperature and consistency.
The amount of water needed depends on the brand of the mixture. Most often, 1 measured spoon of powder (approximately 5 g) requires 30 ml of water. You can use chilled boiled water or special bottled baby water purchased from a pharmacy.
Do not use distilled water because it does not have the proper amount of mineral salts. Water should be cooled to 37–41 ° C.
Do not use water that has been boiled several times. Do not pour boiling water or cold water into the bottle. Only cook in water at the right temperature: in boiling water, the mixture may lose its beneficial properties. You can check the temperature of the liquid by dropping on your wrist or using a special thermometer.
How to sterilize a bottle?
Sterilization of the nipple and bottle is carried out using:
- steam treatment
- special sterilizer
- slow cookers or steamers,
- microwave oven
- special means (tablets, solutions).
For normal sterilization by boiling, a baby dish is placed in a container with filtered water and boiled for 5-8 minutes. Then it is taken out with forceps, laid out on a clean, dry towel and allowed to dry well.
How to breed?
Step-by-step instructions on how to induce a mixture:
- Wash hands thoroughly.
- Prepare a bottle, a pacifier and the necessary devices. Make sure they have been sterilized in advance.
- Pour the exact amount of chilled boiled water into the bottle.
- Scoop the powder with a spoon, remove the excess with the back of the knife: the powder should not be with a slide.
- Put the right amount of measured spoons of powder in a bottle.
- Attach the pacifier to the bottle, close the lid.
- Mix the mixture thoroughly in a circular motion until the powder is completely dissolved.
How to store it for subsequent feeding the baby?
An open packet of powder must be used within 3 weeks.. Keep it closed in a cool, dry place, but not in the refrigerator. The diluted mixture must be used within half an hour. It is impossible to store more than this time. Do not refrigerate or re-heat the mixture. All information on storage periods and rates is on the product box.
Thus, preparing food for the newborn is an important process that parents must approach with all responsibility.
Water temperature for infant formula
Of fundamental importance for the preparation of the mixture is the temperature of the water, which must be indicated on the packaging. Almost all mixtures now contain bifidobacteria that are beneficial for the baby’s intestines. And beneficial bacteria, in contrast to harmful ones, are rather gentle microorganisms. At a temperature higher than that indicated in the instructions, they simply die.
In addition, of course, the water temperature just needs to be comfortable for the child 36 - 37 ºC. This is mother’s milk temperature. Therefore, if possible, use a thermometer to prepare the baby formula. Fortunately, the assortment of children's stores is now teeming with products that make it easier for mothers to live. Well, if there is no thermometer - it does not matter. Put a few drops of the finished mixture from the bottle on your wrist. If the temperature of the mixture is optimal, then you will not feel it on your wrist.
Preheating the finished mixture is not advisable. Adapted infant formula is not a product that can be heated and cooled without consequences. There are good bacteria, remember? And not only. But if it so happened that while you were preparing for feeding, the mixture cooled down, heat it under a stream of hot water.
Mixture for night feeding
The safest option for the child and sparing for the mother is to pour water into a sterile bottle in the evening and put it in the heater. Most heaters are able to maintain a constant set temperature in the bottle. Pour the dry mixture into the dry mix dispenser.
Now you can prepare the mixture on autopilot at night. All that remains to be done is to get from the dispenser into the bottle and mix thoroughly. Just in case, do not forget to check the temperature of the prepared mixture. Done. You can start feeding a hungry baby.
Baby formula on the road
All modern parents want to be mobile. We must pay tribute to manufacturers of children's goods - to provide a child with food on a trip now has become much easier than it was, say, in the last century. Sounds, of course, funny, but that was only fifteen years ago.
If you go on a trip with a small child - take separately water and milk powder with you. For cars, heaters have already been invented that work in the car from the cigarette lighter. Convenient special thermos bags where you can put a bottle with a little warmer water than you need. If there is not enough time to keep the heat in the special bag, you can warm up the bottle with water for feeding by dropping it in a container with other hot water, for example, from titanium, if you are traveling by train.
Remember, your task is to keep separately water and a separate dry mixture for as long as possible, combining them only before feeding. Of course, ready-made diluted mixtures in tetrapacks are also available, but each mother decides to use them or not.