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Carpentry is one of the oldest professions in the world. For hundreds of years, people (carpenters) built reverent constructions from logs, and also made functional and beautiful pieces of furniture (joiners). Follow the instructions detailed in this article to begin the path of a carpenter.
Joiner career development: are there any prospects?
It is widely believed that work as a carpenter is a harsh, monotonous manual labor, in which there is no place for imagination and elegant solutions. However, this is not at all true. Joiners can create truly unique wooden products, musical instruments, carved arches and exclusive expensive interior items. A high level of skill in this type of activity is a direct path to a good income. Especially given the growing popularity of such areas of interior design as the loft, industrial and Scandinavian style, in which the central place is occupied by handmade wooden furniture in a deliberately rough style.
However, at the initial stage, the work of a joiner can hardly be called interesting and varied. This profession does not promise simple paths: category 1-2 masters are trusted with the processing of lumber, assembly of built-in sets or the creation of simple furniture - serial stools or tables without any design refinements. This is an inevitable stage of practice and experience.
How much does a carpenter earn?
As in most professions, a really good income begins when the experience and reputation of the master allow him to leave hired work and begin to work for himself. Having acquired additional skills or having assembled a team of specialists in related fields, the carpenter can open the production of designer furniture to order, a restoration workshop or even his own furniture brand. This will require skills in furniture design or established contacts with designers and stores of original interior items, orientation in modern trends and focused work on promotion.
Considering that the cost of a large piece of designer wooden furniture in Moscow (for example, a wardrobe or bed) varies from 40,000 rubles to 150,000 rubles, it is not difficult to imagine the prospects of a good master carpentry.
However, in the segment of mass production and hired work of a carpenter in Moscow, everything is not so rosy. According to the portal Job50.ru, the average carpenter's salary is 39,000 rubles per month. The sample was compiled according to the data published on the site of vacancies and resumes as of spring 2016.
- The average salary of a joiner is 39,000 rubles.
- The maximum salary of a joiner is 70,000 rubles.
- The minimum salary of a joiner is 20,000 rubles.
- Average salary of a joiner: 39,000 rubles.
The portal Trud.ru shows more optimistic figures. The average salary of a joiner in Moscow and the region in 2016 is 50,000 rubles per month. The highest paid representatives of this profession are cabinet makers, followed by machine tool masons and building joiners.
How to become a joiner
The advantage of this profession is the ability to quickly learn and the absence of the need for several years to receive higher education. Vocational training at the joiner is available after receiving secondary or secondary specialized education, and you can start working if you are already 18 years old.
When choosing the profession of a joiner, it is important to rationally assess your abilities: you will need a sufficient level of endurance and physical strength, good eyesight and coordination of movements, as well as the absence of problems with the breathing apparatus and allergies to wood dust.
To work as a joiner, you need:
- Know the types and properties of various types of wood,
- Own electric, mechanical and hand tools,
- Learning how to assemble furniture and install hardware
- Know the technology of veneering, veneering and lamination of wood,
- Be able to make carpentry and their details.
In addition, to obtain access to work, you will definitely need to undergo training on fire safety, labor protection and safety when working with woodworking and drilling machines.
You can study as a carpenter both in vocational education institutions and directly in the workplace. However, the fastest and most effective way of basic professional training is the courses of joiners in the training center for construction and repair specialists "101 courses". For 20 lessons, of which 72 academic hours are devoted to practice, you will receive all the necessary knowledge and skills to start working as a joiner.
Find out about opening nearby groups by calling 8 (495) 989-21-25.
Who is a carpenter: what do you need to know about the profession?
Carpenter is one of the most common construction specialties. This profession involves a wide profile of activity, since the specialist performs all the work associated with the processing of wood and the manufacture of various parts, products and building structures from it.
Most often, the main place of work of a carpenter is construction, but there is another, no less popular direction in the profession - the manufacture of furniture. This is a jewelry, painstaking, but very interesting creative work that requires creativity and artistic taste, which is performed by cabinetmakers. Another unique trend can be called wood carving, with which masters masterfully decorate wooden things and household items.
Tasks and Responsibilities
The list of responsibilities in this area of activity is quite diverse. You can list only the main activities of such a professional:
- construction and repair of buildings and bridges,
- production and assembly of log cabins,
- installation of poles, communication lines and power lines made of wood,
- various wood work (sawing, grinding, gluing, various joints of structural parts using fasteners),
- processing of wooden elements and structures with fireproof and antibacterial agents.
Work and salary
Carpenters are needed everywhere. They can work in construction sites, in construction and construction and repair organizations, in repair shops and factories, in woodworking plants, in housing construction offices. Such specialists have good career opportunities associated with an increase in length of service and an increase in the qualification level. Over time, an ordinary worker can get a managerial position as a foreman or become a foreman.
Pros and cons of the profession
In the profession, there are advantages and disadvantages. The unique advantages of this specialty in its description from the masters include:
- demand for a profession,
- an opportunity to master a related field of activity,
- free schedule
- the possibility of additional income on private construction sites.
There are also disadvantages in the work:
- seasonal fluctuations in income,
- high risk of injury.
How to become a carpenter?
To work in this profession, you must go to a college or college that provides training in construction specialties, and undergo training with the subsequent issuance of a diploma. Along with the profession of a carpenter, it is recommended to master other related specialties, which will allow you to work in a wider field of activity.
What skills do you need?
Since the carpenter spends his entire working day on his feet, a representative of this profession must have excellent physical characteristics and endurance. In addition, a good eye, accuracy, attentiveness, caution, creativity, initiative and quick wisdom will help to fulfill professional duties in a high-quality manner.
The carpenter must know everything about the types of wood, how to process and store it. It will also require knowledge of stereometry, the history of artistic stylistics, the ability to read technical drawings and make control measurements.
What education is needed, and where can I go?
Carpenters are trained at vocational schools, technical schools or colleges, as well as specialized courses. Secondary special educational institutions provide an opportunity to get career prospects, up to the prospect of becoming a workshop master or even starting your own business. Courses provide basic knowledge in the profession, contribute to the acquisition of initial skills in handling tools.
How much to study after grades 9 and 11?
Vocational schools provide a working specialty, therefore, after 9 classes, the period of study will be from 34 months, since at the same time studying in the specialty, students go through the 10-11 grade school program. After 11th grade, studying in secondary vocational schools will take 10 months, after which the young specialist can already begin to gain experience by working in a workshop.
Is distance learning possible?
Distance learning of the profession of a carpenter involves exclusively theoretical material, but this specialty is also associated with the practical application of theory. That is why online courses cannot give the level of training with which a novice specialist can work. Those wishing to master the specialty of a carpenter are recommended to complete full-time training courses or get a secondary specialized education.
Colleges and technical schools
There are many technical schools and colleges in Moscow that are ready to offer mastering the profession of a carpenter.
- College of Architecture, Design and Reengineering No. 26. The largest college in Moscow offers practice-oriented training for starting a professional activity. There are budget and contract places.
- College of Modern Technology named after Panov. It trains highly qualified specialists in the direction “Master of carpentry, parquet and glass works”. There are 24 budget places, the contract price is from 34 000 rubles.
- College of Technology No. 21. Invites applicants based on grades 9 and 11 for training for a period of 34 months. There are budget places, paid tuition costs 35,000 rubles.
- Polytechnic College No. 50. Here it is possible to complete specialized secondary education under a program designed for 1 year and 10 months of preparation. There are budget places, a contract form of training is not provided.
- Metro College College No. 53. Provides secondary vocational education based on grade 9. There are 24 budget places, it is possible to study on a contract.
There are similar training programs in St. Petersburg.
- College of Water Resources. It trains workers for the construction and overhaul of the housing stock. The cost of training is from 30,000 rubles.
- Metrostroy College. Provides the opportunity to complete secondary specialized education in the specialty "Carpenter". Training is conducted over 34 months on the basis of 9 or 11 classes. There are budget and contract places.
- College of industry technology "Krasnoderevets." One of the specialized secondary secondary educational institutions in this specialty in St. Petersburg has 7 training programs. The price of the contract is from 44,000 rubles.
- Okhta College. It makes it possible to get the profession of a carpenter based on grade 9. There are 50 budget places, training is conducted for a period of 10 months.
- College of shipbuilding and applied technology. Invites you to receive the profession of a carpenter graduates of 9 or 8 classes. There are 25 budget places.
Courses and trainings
Carpenters' courses in Moscow are offered by most private educational institutions focused on training workers.
- The capital center of business and administration. Conducts vocational training, retraining and continuing education courses. Carpenter courses contain theoretical material as well as practice. The duration of the course is 72 academic hours, the cost is 16,500.
- Training center "101 course". He offers to take courses of joiners-carpenters to study all the subtleties of the types of wood, device tools and machine tools. Practical intensive time lasts 72 hours, theoretical classes - 36 hours, the price of a course of study - 36 300 rubles.
- Training center "Build certificate". Provides the opportunity to attend carpenter courses using modern teaching methods. Classes are conducted in person, with the successful completion of the course, students receive a diploma. Duration of classes - 72 hours, the cost of 14 500 rubles.
- Russian Academy of Crafts. He conducts carpentry courses under the guidance of an experienced teacher with extensive experience in restoration work. Classes can be held individually or in groups of 4-5 people. The cost for 10 lessons is 28,000 rubles.
- Moscow Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. Conducts vocational training lasting from 72 hours. Based on the results of mastering knowledge, a certificate is issued with the assignment of a category. The cost of training depends on the number of people in the group.
There is an opportunity to learn a new specialty in St. Petersburg.
- Training center "Specialist". Offers to take carpenters courses in person, in absentia or remotely. The term of study is 192 hours (8 weeks), the theoretical part lasts 72 hours, practical training - 120 hours. Based on the results of classes, a diploma is issued. The cost of the course is 18,000 rubles.
- School of real professions "Techie". He offers to take carpenter carpentry courses at which students will learn how to work with hand tools, master the methods and types of joining wood, and finishing technologies. The cost of the course is 8 900.
- St. Petersburg Training Center. Here the course consists of theory and practice, at the end of the training, employment at the place of practical training is possible. Duration of study - 1.5 months, price - 14 900.
- Training center "Prestige" St. Petersburg. It assumes the development of theory and practice, which lasts 2 weeks. The schedule for attending classes is individual. The cost of classes is 14,900.
- Training center "Palace style". He offers to take a carpenter's course, designed for a wide range of students. The training time is 40 academic hours, according to the results of classes a state certificate is issued.
Thus, today the profession of a carpenter implies almost all specialties associated with working with wood. The list of professional duties of such a specialist is very extensive and includes cutting blanks, assembling finished products, installing and repairing wooden windows or doors, restoration of antique furniture and wood carvings.
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- Construction, installation and repair of wooden structures of various kinds (residential buildings, baths, saunas, beam bridges, etc.).
- The construction of barriers made of wood, scaffolding.
- Production of beams and arches, supports for power lines.
- Performing various work with timber.
- Processing of wood with chemical compounds protecting it from premature destruction.
- The construction of ceilings, the assembly of suspended ceilings.
- Finishing and formwork.
- Installation of windows, entrance and interior doors.
Profile skills and knowledge
- Ability to navigate in different types of wood (know how to process and where to use this or that tree).
- Ability to read blueprints, mastery of the basic methods of marking wood.
- Knowledge and practical application of the foundations of the exact sciences (physics, mathematics).
- Good carpentry.
Where to study as a carpenter
To master the specialty of a carpenter, you need to get a secondary special education in a technical school or college. Here are some possible options:
- College of Architecture, Design and Reengineering No. 26 of Moscow,
- Moscow College of Urban Planning and Service No. 38,
- College of Architecture and Construction No. 7 of Moscow,
- College of Industry Technologies "Krasnoderevets (St. Petersburg),
- Industrial Shipbuilding Lyceum (St. Petersburg).
A carpenter has good career opportunities, with an increase in work experience and degree of professionalism, it becomes possible to increase the qualification level (from 2nd to 7th), to obtain a managerial position as a foreman or foreman.
Another popular area that such a specialist can master is a concrete carpenter (knows how to work not only with wood, but also with concrete).
Another possible way of professional development is to master the related profession of a joiner. This will give the master great opportunities in order to show his talents and realize creative abilities. In addition, the development of an additional specialty may allow the carpenter to open his own business and accept individual orders.
Gaining knowledge in the field of carpentry, a specialist can choose various qualifications, for example, a furniture carpenter.
The profession of cabinet maker is noteworthy.This is a rare but very interesting area, such specialists often work in the field of restoration of antique furniture. Valuable wood items are generally highly valued in the market. It should be noted that this is a highly paid specialty.
Another possible direction is woodcarving. Such craftsmen are engaged in the decorative decoration of public buildings (theaters, concert halls, museums, cafes, etc.), create home decoration and everyday items, or restore old works.
Peter I - Emperor of the Russian Empire, personally participated in the construction of the frigate "Peter and Paul", working along with other masters during his stay in Holland in 1697.
Norm Abram - The famous American carpenter, TV presenter of the popular New Yankee Workshop show on the creation of furniture, the creator of several books on woodworking.
Myshev Mikhail Kuzmich - Russian carpenter and restorer, engaged in the restoration and reconstruction of monuments of wooden architecture of Russia, in particular - the Kizhi reserve.
Harrison ford - A popular film actor, in the 1970s, during the crisis period of his career, he made a living working as a carpenter.