It is known that human teeth need constant care to avoid the development of caries and other diseases. One such procedure is whitening.
Its purpose is not so much in treatment as in aesthetics. Indeed, over time, the teeth tend to darken and become covered with yellow coating.
Usually, clarification is carried out by a dentist, however, there are methods for self-bleaching.
Anyway you need to know about the preparatory period, methods and proper oral care, especially if tooth sensitivity appears after whitening.
Side effects after whitening
Its useful to note! The main and most unpleasant side effect after whitening is the increased sensitivity of tooth enamel to cold or heat.
There is also pain when chewing food (for some it is strong, for others it is not very). Pain cramps can be caused by ice cream or hot tea.
In rare cases after the procedure gums swell and become inflamed.
Only the right one can reduce the side effect. bleaching agent.
That is why a qualified specialist should deal with this procedure.
Why do teeth hurt after bleaching?
In general, the procedure is quite simple and non-traumatic. But the fact is that any substance that brightens enamel penetrates the structure of the tooth - These are usually active oxygen molecules.
Enamel same as you know shelters sensitive dentin and pulp from external influences with nerves and vessels.
And at the moment when it becomes permeable due to the chemical elements of the bleach, it ceases to protect the inside of the tooth.
Note! In this case, active oxygen penetrates the dentin, in contact with the dentinal tubules of the nerve endings or with the nerves that exit into the pulp. Hence the discomfort and pain.
Duration this period of insecurity may vary from a few hours to 2-3 days. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the dental cavity of each individual person.
How to reduce sensitivity and pain?
To reduce pain after the procedure, it is necessary to prepare for it correctly.
Besides you should choose the right method of cleansing and know how to care for the oral cavity after the procedure.
- Necessary 10-15 days before the procedure, start using desensitizing toothpaste.
Usually this Sensodyne or Colgate Sensitive.
They are able to block the signal from nerve endings in the oral cavity, and therefore reduce pain sensitivity.
It is necessary to clean the oral cavity in the morning, at lunch, and in the evening after eating.
- Brush forcleansingshould be softso as not to damage the oral cavity.
Also, desensitizing agents should be applied to the gums.
Thus, increasing the blocking of signals from nerve endings.
Keep in mind! Desensitizing agents can be applied through a special tray installed 30 minutes before the clarification procedure begins.
Also 30 minutes before bleaching, it is recommended to take an anesthetic orally.
The drug is chosen by the doctor, he also prescribes the dosage.
It should be taken and anti-inflammatory drugto reduce the risk of harmful microorganisms entering the dentin.
The tool is also selected only by a doctor.
Humane cabinet methods
The second stage includes the choice of whitening method. Teeth can be cleaned in many different ways.:
- laser whitening
- photo whitening using halogen lamps,
- active oxygen bleaching,
- the use of chemical bleaches.
You should know! Since each person has a unique thickness and structure of tooth enamel, the method is chosen individually. A dentist can help with this.
Technologically sophisticated methods of cleansing and lightening tooth enamel are used only in special clinics.
There, a person is offered any method of whitening, from the laser method to the use of chemically active substances.
But the consequences of such a procedure can be serious - pain, discomfort and even gum inflammation.
Exists milder ways to brighten teeth.
Need to know! They were developed by doctors and healers using medicinal plants, that is, this is the real folk medicine:
- Can bleach enamel rubbing her lemon zest once a week for a month.
- Another way suggests brush your teethtea tree oil.
True, this will have to be done within 30 days.
- There is another way to whiten sea buckthorn berries, they need to be washed in gruel and brush your teeth with this tool for 20-30 days.
- Teeth whitening with baking sodaorhydrogen peroxide is extremely dangerous and not recommended by doctors.
If there is no time for lengthy procedures using folk methods, You can buy a ready-made product in a pharmacy.
You will also need to buy a special mouthpiece in which this tool will be poured.
Next, follow the instructions on the packaging.
Anyway Before choosing a bleaching agent, you need to visit a dentist and consult with him.
Proper care after the procedure
The third stage is dental care after the procedure.
Important! If you follow all the recommendations for caring for the oral cavity, then the discomfort will go much faster.
And the risk of tooth inflammation will decrease significantly.
- In the first days after the procedure, first of all, you need to pay attention to your diet.
Dishes and drinks should be at normal temperature.not hot and not cold.
It is necessary to remember the temperature sensitivity of the teeth during this period.
- Teeth need to be cleaned 2 times a day.with a soft bristle brush. Moreover, the movements should be circular and unhurried.
The space between the teeth is cleaned with floss.
- To remineralize teeth need to use fluoride products.
This will strengthen tooth enamel in the shortest possible time.
- To restore the acid-base balance in the mouth after eating, it is necessary chewing sugarless gum.
The procedure itself is carried out no more than once a year. If the pain and discomfort after bleaching does not go away after 3 days, then you need to consult a dentist.
From this video you will learn what to do with increased sensitivity of tooth enamel:
The whitening process returns tooth enamel to its former shine and whiteness. It is important to keep it as long as possible, then you do not have to often go through this not always pleasant procedure.
For this need to closely monitor oral hygienequit smoking and drinking coffee.
These habits not only stain the enamel in an unpleasant yellow color, but also cause various dangerous diseases throughout the body.
You should also regularly visit the dentist with the aim of early detection of diseases of the dental cavity, for example, caries.
How much toothache after whitening
The dentist will warn of possible inconveniences waiting after the procedure, and most important of them is the sensitivity of the enamel.
If the enamel is thin by nature, it is possible that the teeth will ache for 2-3 days. Dentists usually talk about 24–48 hours when the effect of soreness persists.
Pay attention to the following points:
- The pain should not be unbearable - the teeth are just a little aching, there is discomfort, nothing shoots or grabs.
- The pain should not last more than 3 days.
If you notice that the pain does not subside or intensifies, consult your doctor. The mucosa may have been damaged. Or a deep-seated nerve was affected. Or so the disease manifested itself - deep caries or pulpitis, not detected before the bleaching process.
Lighten only completely healthy teeth that do not have carious cavities. Therefore, before the procedure, the doctor conducts rehabilitation.
What to do before bleaching
Your actions if you decide to whiten your teeth:
- Have a routine inspection.
- Fill all cavities, remove diseased nerves.
- Check the condition of the gums and, if necessary, treat exacerbation of periodontitis.
- Buy a desensitizing paste.
- 10 days before bleaching, do daily cleaning with this paste instead of the usual one.
If you are diagnosed with gingivitis or periodontitis, it makes sense to purchase the Metrogil Dent gel and apply it twice a day after cleaning and rinsing.
A special paste reduces the sensitivity of nerve endings. Examples of such pastes:
- Lacalut extra Sensitive,
- Colgate Sensitive.
- sodium fluoride
- potassium chloride
- strontium acetate.
The components reduce the sensitivity of the crowns and prepare the teeth for professional brushing and whitening.
For desensitizing and remineralizing pastes, see here:
There are also special gels on sale, which are recommended to be applied to crowns for 5-10 minutes. They contain potassium nitrate, which causes slight numbness of the nerve. As a result, the teeth will behave calmly during whitening and after it until the moment when the enamel recovers naturally. An example of such a gel is Ultra EZ.
Manufacturers of oral care products also produce mouthguards that are already filled with gel, which reduce the sensitivity of tooth enamel. Read the rules of use in the attached instructions.
If you have already performed whitening before and know that the proposed measures do not completely relieve soreness (you have very sensitive, thin enamel), take an anesthetic an hour before the session. So it will be easier to transfer the procedure and the first hours after it.
Pain from cold after bleaching
Additional measures: exclude lemons, cranberries and other foods containing a lot of acid from the diet. They are, of course, useful, but it’s better not to eat them before bleaching, as the enamel will become weaker. Replenish vitamin C later, a couple of days after bleaching.
Recommendations depend on which lightening method is selected. If this is a medical manipulation carried out in the doctor’s office, there may be one advice: follow the recommendations that he will give you.
Leading positions are occupied by:
- laser whitening
- ultrasound method
- Air Flow technique
- photo whitening.
Photo-bleaching makes it possible to restore whiteness due to the influence of an ultraviolet lamp on teeth coated with a special gel. As a result, active oxygen is released, which removes plaque.
Laser whitening is a similar method, only exposure is carried out by a laser beam. At the same time, the gum is affected, inflammation decreases, the symptoms of stomatitis and gingivitis disappear, bleeding decreases.
Air Flow - sandblasting method. Abrasive particles supplied under powerful pressure to the surface of the teeth mechanically remove plaque and deposits.
Ultrasound is deprived of such an unpleasant feature as a destructive effect on crowns. Hypersensitivity after cleaning is possible. It is observed due to mild trauma to the cervical zones and gingival pockets, arising from the active processing of these places by the apparatus and the removal of large mineralized deposits.
For those with brittle enamel, chemical bleaching is not recommended. The teeth will ache and recover for a long time - hyperesthesia is inevitable. After the procedure, remineralization is required.
If you decide to whiten your teeth at home, clearly follow the instructions (it is attached to all sets for whitening). Lightening should be gradual and not too dramatic. Do not believe those funds that promise to add whiteness to 3-4 tones immediately: this is dangerous even for strong enamel.
Relatively safe methods (will not give an impressive result, but are not very harmful):
- chew lemon peel
- rub your teeth with fresh strawberry juice,
- brush your teeth with activated carbon powder.
Whiten teeth with strawberries
Observe precautions, but remember that unpleasant sensations are possible a couple of days after the procedure - this is a variant of the norm.
After whitening care
It is not possible to completely relieve symptoms such as a very sharp sensation of cold and hot. But you can reduce them.
Dentists recommend purchasing a paste containing fluorides and use it a week after clarification.
- brush your teeth on the day of bleaching with a soft brush or even not at all carry out this procedure, and instead just rinse your mouth,
- quit smoking, as it is dangerous for clarified enamel,
- the first 2 days do not eat hot and cold food,
- do not stay in frost for a long time, do not inhale cold air,
- refuse spicy and salty foods for 2 or 3 days after the procedure.
It is also useful to do the following: as soon as your teeth are whitened, take out a packet of chewing gum without sugar and chew 4-6 plates in turn.
And one more thing: do not chase excessive whiteness. On the Vita scale, there are 16 shades of white. So, the owners of the strongest teeth are those who do not have the first 2 tones from the list, but a color close to the third! Here it is worth striving for, although it differs from Hollywood whiteness.
The most common causes of sensitivity
- Increased sensitivity of the dental nerve.
- Enamel thinning due to the use of aggressive clarification techniques.
Both reasons are related to the result of exposure to tooth enamel of a component such as hydrogen peroxide.
Somewhat less unpleasant sensations are associated with ossification of the denta.
The fact is that if the nerve is located close enough to the surface of the enamel, it can be pinched by an ossified dent, which will lead to an increase in tooth sensitivity. In this case, the solution to the problem is only possible one thing - to kill the nerve with ammonia and arsenic. In other cases, a decrease in tooth sensitivity is possible in less dramatic ways.
Refusal of hot and cold drinks and food
The very first marker for increasing tooth sensitivity is pain when taking cold or hot food (drinks). It is a hyperesthesia. It differs in the degree of damage to the tooth and the reaction that ultimately occurs:
- I degree. When exposed to temperature stimuli, there is a feeling of aching in the teeth, while the electrical excitability of the nerves does not exceed 8 microns.
- II power. The reaction is not only hot and cold, but also chemicals. The electrical excitability of the nerves decreases to 5 μa.
- III power. A feeling of discomfort occurs with any type of irritant. Electroexcitation of nerves does not exceed 3 μa.
If the tooth enamel during the whitening process was not thinned critically, teeth usually react to cold and hot only a few days (sometimes a week) after the procedure. Over time, discomfort decreases and disappears altogether.
Everything in dishes during the recovery period should be comfortable for the teeth temperature (not higher than 38-40 C).
With increased tooth sensitivity, particular attention should be paid to the choice of brush.
In no case should the bristles be stiff, since it will provoke the enamel to be erased, as a result of which, with a high degree of probability, a gum recession will begin.
The best option for people with sensitive tooth enamel will be brushes with rounded soft bristles.
They provide gentle and effective dental care without damaging the enamel.
It is allowed to use an electric device for brushing your teeth. But in this case, the most important thing is to be able to choose the right nozzle.
Using fluoride products
The use of fluoride-containing agents (fluoridation) is one of the most effective ways to combat the increased sensitivity of teeth after the bleaching procedure.
The essence of the method is as follows: a special composition is applied to the surface of tooth enamel, from which fluorine ions are released.
Then they come into contact with dental tissues, which provokes the formation of calcium fluorides.
Fluoridation not only strengthens tooth enamel, but also stops the gradual destruction of its original structure under the influence of caries.
The use of fluoride is acceptable for both adults and very small patients. The procedure is simple, injury-proof and provides equally high protection for both molars and milk teeth.
Doctor Critters Tips
If you decide to whiten your teeth, you will have to endure, since the sensitivity of enamel will increase by 24–48 hours. I consider ultrasonic whitening to be the optimal method, since this procedure simultaneously cleans teeth from plaque and brightens them, while not causing harm.
But home methods are always controversial: after all, there is no control on the part of the doctor, and you can worsen the condition of the oral cavity. Want to make your teeth brighter? Contact your dentist: he will select the method and tell you how to avoid hypersensitivity after the procedure.
I suggest watching a video about the causes of increased tooth sensitivity and methods of dealing with it:
See you soon!
Typically, toothache begins to subside already on the way to the clinic and finally passes after 10 minutes of sitting in line for a appointment with the dentist.
Toothpastes and rinses to reduce sensitivity
When choosing toothpaste for hypersensitivity, you should pay attention to the inscriptions on the package. The first step is to verify the presence of such characteristics:
- the presence of biologically active components (zinc, potassium, calcium, fluorides),
- minimum presence of silicon and carbonate compounds in the paste,
- abrasion index ranging from 25 to 40,
- consistency (the most pronounced therapeutic properties are characterized by means for brushing the teeth in gel format).
When buying a hygiene product for sensitive teeth, it should be understood that its cleaning ability will be slightly lower than that of whitening paste. Therefore, it is better to use it for evening dental care, and in the morning use ordinary hygienic paste.
The main purpose of toothpaste to reduce sensitivity is blockage of the dentinal tubules and blocking of the nerve endings located inside them.
For this, the following significant components are included in the composition of dentifrices:
- fluorine compounds (increase enamel strength in case of violation of its structure due to abrasion),
- strontium chloride (contributes to the formation of replacement dentin),
- calcium compounds (strengthen and rebuild dentin, contribute to blockage of the inlet to the tubules),
- potassium salts (inhibit the transmission of an impulse along the nerve),
- zinc citrate (blocks dental tubules).
Oral-B Sensitiv Original
The main active ingredient of this paste is hydroxyapatite. A decrease in tooth sensitivity during its use is achieved by strengthening dentin. Sodium fluoride is present in the composition, but in a fairly modest amount. Pasta is not purely medicinal. Rather, it can be attributed to universal dentifrices. Dentists recommend Oral-B Sensitiv Original for daily use.
The Sensodyne toothpaste of the famous British manufacturer GlaxoSmithKline contains a large amount of sodium fluoride (at least 1040 ppm), so that the pain disappears immediately after use.
Tooth cleansing from contamination is provided by hydrated silicon dioxide.
Lacalut Sensitive after whitening
Another popular German-made toothpaste is known worldwide for its protective properties. A decrease in the sensitivity of teeth during its use occurs due to the presence of: sodium fluoride and aminofluoride.
In addition to these active ingredients, chlorhexidine is one of the ingredients for dental hygiene. It does not allow microbial plaques to form on the teeth and effectively protects teeth from the harmful effects of acids.
In addition, the composition of the product includes xylitol, which reduces the acidity in the oral cavity.
It is not possible to list all brands on the market.
In order to study the range, just look at the nearest pharmacy. The optimal and effective paste option is usually selected through trial and error.